Beehive. Late 19th – early 20th c. Palanga environs
Rattle for cattle grazing in the forest. End of 19th c. East Lithuania
Implement to scare off wild animals and birds. End of 19th c. Vilnius environs
Barrel for keeping the catch of fish. End of 19th c. Švenčionys district, Labanoras
Scythe and rake. End of 19th c. Central Lithuania
Knitting implements for knitting fish nets. End of 19th – early 20th c.
The collection reflects the trades of Lithuanian peasants from the 18th to early 20th century: agriculture, animal husbandry, fishing, apiculture, and hunting. The basis of the collection consists of exhibits related with peasants’ most important occupations – working the land and breeding the cattle. The collection contains the oldest ploughing implements – ploughshares and wooden ploughs, various kinds of harrows, among them violin-shaped harrows dating back to the times of slash-and-burn farming. The group of harvest-collecting tools comprises sickles, scythes and means for their care, rakes, pitchforks, spades for digging potatoes, and half-scythes with rakes used in Central Lithuania. The group of threshing and separation of grain contains flails, threshing shafts, threshing machines, winnowing fans etc. A separate group consists of flax-processing tools – scutchers, flax-combs, battledores, hackles etc. There are quite many ornamented distaffs, heads of distaffs and shuttles among the weaving and spinning tools. The group of cattle breeding implements includes wooden whips and leather lashes, rattles, horse combs, shearing scissors, iron fetters and wooden horse clogs. A large variety of parts of the harness – halters, bits, saddles, horse-collars, terrets, reins, traces etc. – reflects the means of harnessing spread in different regions of Lithuania, and yokes remind us of the long-defunct ploughing with oxen.
Among the auxiliary trades, the fishing group is the most abundant and consists of more than 1,000 traditional fishing implements – rods, baits, harpoons, ladles, baskets, lines with hooks, fish-traps, various nets, and gear for catching crayfish, as well as a curious implement for drawing large nets in winter – boba. The majority of fishing gear was collected by ethnologist, researcher of fishing, professor Maria Znamierowska-Prüfferowa in Vilnius, Trakai and Zarasai environs in 1925–1939.
There are valuable exhibits from the period of hollow and tree stump beekeeping from South East Lithuania: a rope implement for climbing a tree – geinys, tools for chiselling a hollow, beehives in tree stumps and their parts, and cages for queen bees. Plaited straw beehives from the 19th century come from Žemaitija. The group of hunting exhibits contains powder-flasks, calls, wooden and metal traps, snare loops and other kinds of gear.